Medellín officially the Municipio de Medellín (Spanish) or Municipality of Medellín, is the second largest city in Colombia. It is in the Aburrá Valley, one of the more northerly of the Andes in South America. It has a population of 2.3 million.With its surrounding area, the metropolitan area of Medellín (Area Metropolitana de Medellín), it is the second largest city in Colombia in terms of population and economy, with more than 3.3 million people, and ranks in population as the 91st of the world's largest urban agglomerations.
Medellín has an area of 382 km2 (147 sq mi). It has 16 comunas (districts), 5 corregimientos (townships), and 271 barrios. The metropolitan area of Medellín lies within the Aburrá valley at an elevation of 1,500 meters (about 4921 feet) and is bisected by the Medellín River (also called Porce), which flows northward.
North of the valley are the towns of Bello, Copacabana, Girardota and Barbosa. To the south of the valley lie Itagüí, Envigado, Sabaneta, La Estrella and Caldas.
Medellín features a tropical monsoon climate, albeit a noticeably cooler version of this climate. Because Medellín is located at 5,000 ft (1,500 m) above sea level, its climate is not as hot as other cities located at the same latitude near the equator. Because of its altitude above sea level and privileged location in the Andes Range, Medellín's weather at times is more characteristic of a Humid subtropical climate than that of a Tropical climate.
The city's average annual temperature is 22 °C (72 °F), and because of its proximity to the equator, its temperature is constant year round, with minimal temperature variations. Temperatures range from 15 to 30 °C (59 to 86 °F). Because of the pleasant springlike climate all year, Medellín is known as 'La Ciudad de la Eterna Primavera' or 'City of the Eternal Spring'. However, as the city is located in a valley and many of its districts are on slopes, temperatures can be slightly cooler on the surrounding mountains.
South-eastern Zone: El Poblado communes.
South-western Zone: Guayabal and Belén communes.
West Central Zone: Laureles, La América and San Javier communes.
East Central Zone: La Candelaria, Villa Hermosa and Buenos Aires communes.
North-western Zone: Castilla, Doce de Octubre and Robledo communes.
North-eastern Zone: Aranjuez, Manrique, Popular and Santa Cruz communes.
Corregimientos (townships): San Sebastián de Palmitas, San Cristóbal, Altavista, San Antonio de Prado and Santa Elena.
Click HERE for a map of downtown Medellin Colombia.
Festivals and events
*Festival of the Flowers. It is the most representative event in the city of Medellín. Is done in late July to early August. The Festival, plus many other activities and festivities, is the main axis the Desfile de Silleteros, a colorful and artistic parade of flowers filled saddles on the back for their own grower and already well known internationally.
*International Poetry Festival. This is an annual congregation of poets in almost all the world, who give at public his poems and readings of a peculiar way mass in parks, auditoriums, neighborhoods and towns near Medellín. This event has been awarded the Right Livelihood Award, the prelude to the Nobel Peace Prize by the Right Livelihood Foundation of Sweden, and its aim is to strive for peace through poethic. The XVII International Poetry Festival of Medellín was performed between 14 and 22 July 2007, with the participation of over 80 poets from around 55 nations.
*International Tango Festival. Popular annual celebration, an expression of the tango culture that Medellín adopted as their own. This is a legacy of the bard Carlos Gardel, who died in this city in a plane crash in 1935. Among the activities of the Festival highlights the Tangovía, where people took to the streets en masse to dance, listen to tango, milonga and obviously having fun at the behest of culture.
*International Jazz Festival. The Corporación Medellín de Jazz and other entities in the city organized annually in September this traditional festival, with participation of renowned national and global exponents of the genre. Is performed simultaneously in several places in the city, including the outdoor theater of the Centro Comercial El Tesoro and the Café Teatro of the city. The Jazz Festival has embodied a revival of this music of newest generation in the city and attracts more and more renowned musicians and mass audience.
Book Fair. One of the most important cultural events in Medellín, Medellín Book Fair is held with the participation of national and international authors and exhibitors from all genres. It is sponsored by the Mayor of Medellín.
*Festival del Humor. Annual celebration of laughter, humor, ballads, comedy and uncomplicated life, performed at the Teatro Metropolitano de Medellín with the participation of artists of humor throughout the country and abroad, and aims to cultivate and preserve the good humor as an important expression cultural as well as keeping the community a sustainable school or related artists dedicated to it.
*Parade of Myths and Legends. On the night of 7 December each year, the Noche de las luces, the center of the city is adorned with the parade that amid of costumes, songs and bands, evokes the most popular myths and legends of the region: La madre monte, El cura sin cabeza, La dama verde, El sombrerón, La llorona and many more.
*Feria internacional del caballo. Since 2009 was added to the horse paisa culture the Feria internacional del caballo, held in October, an exhibition truly unique and beautiful to watch with the participation of several countries and varied and fine horse races.
*Bullfighting Festival of La Macarena. One of the most important bullfighting festivals in the Americas, held every year between January and February enjoy of a lot of fans, it brings the best exponents of the bullfight and winners of the best places in the Americas and Spain, is held in the Plaza de toros de La Macarena, a plaza of Category A. Most revenues of the show is donated to the Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in addition to generating a good income to the city.
Other highlights events of the city: Expofinca, Home Fair and the Cooperative Integration, Construction Fair, Metalworking Exhibition, Antioquía Fair, Expocasa, Colombiamoda, Superventas, Transport International Fair, Coffee of Colombia, Saludexpo, Expoempresa, Agroferia, Hecho a Mano and many others.